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When Should You Provide an Adverse Action Notice? (Infographic)

Toby Graham /

If you’re an organization that processes credit applications, it is your duty to provide an Adverse Action Notice if a consumer is denied credit. And you’ve got to provide it within 30 days of receiving a credit application. There are two key laws here (both federal) that govern the requirements around adverse action notices  — the Equal Credit Opportunity Act (ECOA) and the Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA). They’re in place to make sure consumers applying for credit are given the reasons a creditor took adverse action on the application (or on an existing credit account).

Adverse action means:

  • Denying credit to an applicant
  • Refusing to grant credit in substantially the amount or on substantially the terms requested by the applicant, unless the applicant accepts your counteroffer;
  • Any action taken or determination that is adverse to the interests of the consumer (for example, unwinding a spot delivery)

So, when should you provide an Adverse Action Notification?

This handy flow chart can help you figure it out…

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