Below is a round-up of COVID-19 state regulations for employers navigating how their business will get back to work. If you believe there may be a discrepancy between a state and local order that affects you or your business, you should contact your local government and/or competent local counsel for further advice.
We’ll keep this updated as much as we can, but double-check with the local governments to ensure you’ve got the latest information.
Delaware COVID-19 State Regulations
Face Covering Mandate
Starting April 28, 2020, all residents must wear a fabric or soft cloth face covering when in public, including when using public transportation or ride-sharing.
For employees that work with the public, businesses must provide face coverings and hand sanitizer to employees by May 1, 2020. Employees that interact within 6 feet of other people must also wear face coverings. Businesses may deny entry to a customer that isn’t wearing a face mask. A face covering may include scarves or bandanas.
Update 8/26/20: The Delaware Division of Public Health published guidance for children wearing face coverings.
Update 7/7/20: The state of emergency was extended through the Twenty Third Modification of a State of Emergency.
Washington, D.C. COVID-19 State Regulations
Face Covering Mandate
Through June 8, 2020, employees, customers, and visitors of hotels, grocery and food market businesses, taxis, ride-sharing companies, or other private transportation providers are required to wear a mask or face covering.
Update 7/22/20: Mayor Bowser issued Mayor’s Order 2020-080: Wearing of Masks in the District of Columbia to Prevent the Spread of COVID-19. The Order states that through October 9, 2020, face coverings must be worn inside and outside in common areas and public transportation. Certain people are exempted from this rule, including children under 2 years of age and those individuals with certain health conditions.
FMLA and Unemployment Insurance
Who: Washington, D.C. employers
When: Effective Immediately
Update 11/8/20: D.C. ACT 23-435/ B23-0983 (October 29, 2020) amends the unemployment law to provide qualified recipients an additional 7 weeks of federally funded benefits. This is for traditional and pandemic unemployment recipients.
Update 9/23/20: The District of Columbia extended the DC Family and Medical Leave Act through October 9, 2020. The DC Family and Medical Leave Act during COVID-19 English poster was updated to reflect the changes.
Update 7/10/20: The Act was has been extended to October 31, 2020.
Update: Under B23-0718 – COVID-19 Response Emergency Amendment Act of 2020, employers must post in a conspicuous place the COVID-19 FMLA Posters (see below), which are effective until June 15, 2020.B23-0733 – COVID-19 Response Supplemental Emergency Amendment Act of 2020 was issued in April and is effective until July 20, 2020.
The District of Columbia passed the COVID-19 Response Emergency Amendment Act (the “Act”). The Act expanded the D.C. Family and Medical Leave Act (DCFMLA) by creating a new category, declaration of emergency (DOE) leave. DOE leave includes all employers in the District, regardless of the number of employees. Employees may use the DOE when they are unable to work during a public health emergency, as declared by the Mayor or other federal or state official, or if a medical professional has recommended that they employee isolate or quarantine themselves. DOE leave also does not require the 1 year of employment and 1,000 hours of work for eligibility that is normally required under the DCFMLA. The covered leave is indefinite during the public health emergency.
The Act also expanded Unemployment Insurance eligibility to employees who, following the Mayor’s declaration of a public health emergency, have been ordered to isolate or quarantine themselves by a federal or District agency or medical professional, or have decided to quarantine or isolate themselves consistent with recommendations from the Department of Health or other federal agency. Employees don’t need to certify that they are actively seeking employment under these conditions.
Additionally, unemployment benefits can be used if the employer doesn’t know when the employee can return to work or if the employee has reason to doubt that they will ever be able to resume employment with their employer. This expansion of rights is effective as long as the public health emergency remains in effect.
The Act also creates additional provisions and protections like:
- A small business grant program for nonprofits, local businesses, and independent contracts who don’t qualify for unemployment insurance;
- A ban on evictions and late fees for residential and commercial tenants;
- A ban on utility shut offs and the extension of public benefit programs;
- Placing limitations on price gouging and stockpiling;
- Allowing for delivery and carry-out sales for restaurants;
- Delays of retail sales tax payments by stores, restaurants, and the extension of corporate taxing filings, divers licenses, etc.
Inform your employees about the District’s expansion of the FMLA and how they can use these resources, should they need them.
As you continue to make your business decisions, inform your employees about their options for unemployment insurance as appropriate.
Maryland COVID-19 State Regulations
Update 8/19/20: The previous Executive Order 2020-04-15-01 has been rescinded and replaced with Executive Number 20-7-29-01. All residents ages 5 and older must wear a face covering outside when social distancing requirements can’t be maintained, and when individuals use healthcare services or public transportation, or when interacting with the public, or handling food. Exemptions from the Order can be found on page 10.
Under Executive Order 2020-04-15-01 and effective April 18, 2020, all Marylanders are required to wear face coverings, including cloth, when on public transportation, or when inside retail stores. Retail and food service Employers are required to have employees wear face coverings while working with the public.
Local jurisdictions may have other requirements that should be adhered to.
New Jersey COVID-19 State Regulations
New COVID-19 Safety Standards Effective November 6, 2020
Who: Employers who allow or require all or some employees to work on-site
When: November 5, 2020
Update 11/3/20: The state COVID-19 website released a support article, “How can people safely get together? What are limits for indoor and outdoor gatherings?“
In response to a recent uptick in COVID-19 cases, Governor Phil Murphy issued Executive Order No. 192 to impose health and safety standards from face covering requirements, daily health screenings, social distancing, regular disinfecting and sanitizing.
Social distancing. Everyone at the workplace must maintain a distance of at least 6 feet from each other, whether in a workplace meeting, orientation, and in common areas. If social distancing can’t be maintained, everyone must wear a face covering or install physical barriers between workstations.
Face coverings. Employers must require everyone, from employees to visitors, to enter the workplace wearing a cloth or disposable mask that complies with CDC recommendations. Employers must pay for and make face coverings available to their employees.
They may deny entry to the workplace if an employee declines to wear a face covering unless this violates other federal or state laws. An employer may require medical documentation if an employee refuses to wear a face covering because of a disability. In the case of a visitor or customer who declines to wear a face covering because of a disability, medical documentation isn’t necessary unless its required by a state or federal law.
Hygiene. Employers must ensure that employees practice regular hand hygiene, provide breaks for handwashing, and access handwashing materials and facilities. Employees may be required to wear gloves, although employers must supply them. Before shifts begin, employers must conduct daily health checks, consistent with CDC guidelines and privacy rules. Worksites and all common, high-touch areas, like bathrooms handrails, and doorknobs, must be disinfected regularly per CDC guidance.
Handling suspected COVID-19 symptoms or COVID-19 cases. If an employee displays signs of COVID-19, employers must separate the worker and send them home, abiding by all state and federal leave laws. If there is a known exposure to COVID-19 at work, employers must notify all employees and adhere to all federal regulations like the Americans with Disabilities Act and EEOC.
Complaints. The New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development (DOLWD) will establish protocols and procedures for receiving complaints about health and safety violations.
Compliance training. DOWLD will develop compliance training for employers and employees and notices and information materials to inform workers about their rights and employers’ obligations to the Order.
Penalties. Violations can be up to 6 months imprisonment or $1,000 fines.
Face Coverings Mandated
Update 7/8/20: Executive Order 163 was issued to mandate that beginning July 8, 2020, all residents and visitors must wear face coverings in outdoor spaces when social distancing requirements can’t be met and with people who aren’t members of the household. Exceptions to this requirement can be found starting on Page 4 of the Order. Face coverings are still mandated indoors for retail, personal care, transit services, recreational, entertainment and food and beverage establishments.
Governor Phil Murphy issued 2 Executive Orders requiring the use of face masks for certain businesses.
Effective April 10, 2020, Executive Order 122 mandates that essential retail businesses must require employees and customers to wear cloth face coverings. Businesses must provide face coverings and gloves to employees. Manufacturing, warehousing, and other businesses involved in essential construction projects are also required to provide face coverings to employees. Employees and visitors to these businesses are required to wear face masks. All businesses mentioned in the Executive Order must also adhere to other safety requirements.
Effective April 13, 2020, Executive Order 125 mandates that visitors and employees to the NJ TRANSIT, private carriers, and restaurants must require employees and visitors/customers to wear face cloth coverings. These organizations must provide face coverings and gloves to employees.
Extension of Earned Sick Leave, the Family Leave Act, and Temporary Disability Benefits
New Jersey took several actions to support workers during the COVID-19 pandemic, as detailed below.
Expanding the New Jersey Family Leave Act
Who: Employers with 30+ employees
When: Effective immediately and retroactively back to March 25, 2020.
What: Employees may now take family leave because of a declared state emergency from the governor, Commissioner of Health or other public health authority, for reasons including communicable diseases that cause an epidemic or the known or suspected exposure of a communicable disease, or any effort to prevent the spread of communicable diseases. Employees may use the leave for one of 3 reasons:
- Child care as a result of a school closure or order from a public official due to an epidemic or other public health emergency
- An order from a public health official that determines the need for mandatory quarantine or care for a family member who has received an order from a public health official related to the epidemic.
- A health care provider or other public health official advises a family member to voluntarily self-quarantine and needs to be cared for by the worker.
Through this amendment, employees may take up to 12 weeks of family leave in a 24-month period. Employees may use intermittent leave for the above reasons, provided they give practical notice to their employer and make an effort to schedule the leave so as not to disrupt the employer’s operations, and if possible, provide a schedule to the employer of when they’ll use the intermittent leave.
Employers may require certification from a school, child care facility, public health official, or health care provider. The certification is acceptable if it includes:
- The facility’s closure date and reason for closure
- The date of an order to quarantine and the likely amount of time it will last
- The date of a recommendation, the likely amount of time the condition will last, and any medical facts related to the condition
Temporary Disability Law and Family Leave Insurance Law Amendments
This amendment clarifies the term “disability” and “family temporary disability leave” to include employees’ eligibility during a state of emergency or when a public health authority deems it necessary during a communicable disease epidemic (i.e., an illness caused be a communicable disease, a known or suspected exposure to the disease, or efforts to prevent its spread).
An employee must be able to show that the health care provider or public health official has stated that the employee’s presence may be a risk to others’ health and its recommended that the employee must isolate or quarantine.
The 7-day waiting period for temporary disability benefits doesn’t apply under these new definitions.
Employee Leave Benefit Guidance
Who: New Jersey employers
When: Effective Immediately
What: The New Jersey Department of Labor (DOL) provided COVID-19 related information about benefits and protections to employees. Using different scenarios, the DOL provided the following guidance:
Employees who have tested positive for COVID-19 or exhibit symptoms are entitled to use accrued and unused earned sick leave time under the New Jersey Earned Sick Leave Law. They may also be eligible for temporary disability insurance and workers’ compensation benefits.
For employees’ hours that are reduced by more than 20% per week as a result of COVID-19, they may be eligible for full or partial unemployment benefits.
If an employee is sent home because they may have been exposed to COVID-19, the employee may be eligible or unemployment benefits. This instance would be considered a temporary layoff and these particular employees wouldn’t have to show they’re able to and actively seeking work.
Employees may use accrued, unused earned sick time, if they have been told to quarantine themselves because of COVID-19; are unable to work because a public official closed their workplace or their child’s school or daycare closed, or have to care for a relative with COVID-19 or symptoms of COVID-19.
Employees that are caring for a family member with symptoms of COVID-19 or a positive test result, may be eligible for Family Leave Insurance.
Review your pay and leave practices to ensure they’re compliant.
Consult with legal counsel to review changes you make to your practices to ensure they’re compliant.
As necessary, work and communicate with your employees about their options.
Provide support to your employees during this time and make yourself available to answer their questions and concerns.
New York COVID-19 State Regulations
Pennsylvania COVID-19 State Regulations
Updated: Face Covering Mandate
Update 11/18/20: The Pennsylvania Department of Health issued a new face covering mandate effective November 18, 2020. Although there are exceptions to the mandate (found on pages 3 of the Order), all state residents are required to wear face coverings when they are outside and can’t maintain physical distance, indoor spaces with anyone who is not part of the individual’s household, any indoor physical activity with with people not part of your household, waiting for or riding on public transportation, anywhere food is prepared or packaged for sale or distribution, enclosed common areas, and when obtaining any services from a health care facility.
As part of the November Order, businesses must require all people to wear a face covering, work to provide reasonable accommodation or remove anyone who cannot wear a face covering, post prominent signs. Businesses shouldn’t enforce the face covering requirement if it isn’t safe, restrain, assault, or physically remove anyone who refuses to comply with the Order, or violate any other state or federal anti-discrimination laws.
Update 7/6/20: The Order of Secretary of the Pennsylvania Department of Health Requiring Universal Face Coverings was issued for all residents to wear a face covering in public indoor spaces and outdoor spaces where social distancing requirements can’t be met. Exceptions to the mandate can be found on the Order starting on page 3.
Starting April 15, 2020, life-sustaining businesses, like grocery stores and hospitals, must protect their employees by providing them with masks that meet the Department of Health and CDC guidelines, in addition to observing other social distancing, sanitation, and hygiene requirements. More information can be found in the Secretary of the Pennsylvania Department of Health Order.
State residents are encouraged to wear cloth face coverings in public.
Philadelphia Mandates 2 Additional Weeks of Paid Sick Leave
- Employers with 500 or more employees
- Medical practice employees (including nursing homes, hospitals, medical practice, and other health care workers)
- Other Philadelphia employees (full-time and part-time) not covered by the FFCRA
When: September 17, 2020 to December 31, 2020.
What: For those employees impacted by COVID-19, the City Council has passed a new ordinance that opens up 2 weeks of paid sick leave for the following circumstances:
- Self-quarantine as directed by a government or medical order
- Experiencing symptoms of COVID-19
- Caring for a sick or quarantined household member
- Caring for a child whose care facility or school was closed because of COVID-19
Under certain circumstances, employees may not be eligible, including:
- Employees who can telework
- Employees who already receive 10 days of paid sick leave or PTO under an employer’s existing policies
There is a posting requirement that employers distribute a notice of the ordinance’s benefits to remote workers through email or a website posting.
Hazard Pay Grants Available
Who: Front-line workers
When: July 16, 2020 through July 31, 2020
What: Up to $50 million in reimbursement-based grants have been made available through the CARES Act to employees in life-sustaining occupations that have been working through the pandemic.
Businesses, health care non-profits, public transportation agencies, certified economic development organizations are all eligible to apply for the grants.
The following industries are eligible for the grants: health care and social assistance, ambulatory care services, hospitals, nursing and residential care facilities, transportation, food manufacturing, food retail, security services for those industries named above, janitorial services.
Grants may be used for full-time and part-time employees earning $20/hour or less, excluding fringe benefits and overtime for the period between August 16, 2020 to October 24, 2020. Applicants may apply for up to $1,200 per eligible full-time equivalent employee with $3.00 hour hazard pay.
Employers may apply for a grant to provide pay for up to 500 eligible full-time equivalent employees per location.
Automobile Sales and Construction Details
Automobile Virtual Sales
Through signed legislation, SB 841, vehicles sales can now be conducted online. Dealers must follow a process forpreparing and sending all documents electronically to the customer, remote notarizing, electronic financing applications, adhering to CDC and DOH guidance in hand off or trading of vehicles, among other things.
Additionally, the Pennsylvania Department of Transportation has outlined best practices for items like pre-verification and ownership transfer that dealers should follow to complete virtual sales.
All details of the information mentioned and more can be found here.
Beginning May 8, 2020, residential and non-residential construction businesses may begin to reopen, as long as they follow strict guidelines for social distancing, employee number limits, and additional industry specific safety requirements.
Non-Life Sustaining Businesses Order
Who: Pennsylvania employers and employees
When: March 19, 2020
What: Governor Tom Wolfe ordered the closure of all non-life sustaining businesses to close in Pennsylvania until further notice. Violations of this order will be met with citations, license suspensions, administrative actions, termination of state grants or loans, forfeiture of disaster relief funds, and criminal penalties.
The following industries may keep their physical locations open (this list is subject to change):
- Natural resources and mining;
- Wholesale trade, excluding furniture, lumber, apparel, and electronic wholesalers;
- Retail trade like automotive stores, grocery stores, beer, wine, liquor stores, gas stations, general stores, electronic and mail-order houses;
- Transportation and warehousing;
- Information like media, data processing, cable program providers, hosting services;
- Financial institutions;
- Professional services like scientific research and development, facilities support, investigation and security, building services, waste management;
- Health services;
- Accommodation and food services; and
- Other services like repair and maintenance services, funeral services, religious, grantmaking, social services, civil and social organizations.
All other businesses can continue to operate remotely.
- Determine if your business must close, whether you can send employees home to telework, and how to implement social distancing rules and hygiene safety.
- When you’ve developed a plan to respond to new regulations, consult with your legal counsel to ensure it’s compliant with the state rules.
- Build a communication strategy to implement these changes in your workforce.
- Provide support to your employees during this time and make yourself available to answer their questions and concerns.
- There may be potential discrepancies between state and local orders. If you believe there may be a discrepancy affecting you or your business, you should contact your local government and/or competent local counsel for further advice.
Self-Certification Program FAQ (September 2020)
Responding to COVID-19 (June 2020)