Article Contributor: Lori Matthews
What do you need in your First Aid Kit? As always, OSHA (1910.151) requires that a workplace assess the hazards present first. However, OSHA also references the ANSI standard in (non-mandatory) Appendix A as an example of minimum first aid kit requirements. As of January 12, 2015, those standards have been revised and can be a good starting point for your First Aid Kit needs (ANSI/ISEA Z308.1-2014).
Your First Aid Kit should be stocked to treat major and minor wounds (cuts and abrasions), minor burns, sprains and strains and eye injuries. There are now two classes of kits as well. Class A deals with common workplace injuries while Class B deals with more complex injuries in more high-risk work environments. Most dealerships could be best served with a Class A Kit, however, augmenting your kit may be needed as your hazards change or as your injury and illness tracking dictate. Quantities of needed supplies may also change based on the number of users and number of kits in place.
The types of kits have not changed. There are four types: Type I (indoor, stationary), Type II (indoor, mobile), Type III (indoor/outdoor, mobile) and Type IV (outdoor, mobile). Type I is most commonly found in Dealerships.
The specific minimum requirements for a Class A kit, no matter the Type, have been increased from 10 to 18 items. The number of applications for specific items has also increased and one item was replaced. Minimum is listed below (changes and new items are bolded):
|16||Adhesive Bandages||1×3 inches|
|1||Adhesive Tape||2.5 yards total|
|10||Antibiotic Applications (Increased)||.14 fl. ounces|
|10||Antiseptic||.14 fl. ounces|
|1||Burn Dressing||Gel Soaked and 4×4 inches|
|10||Burn Treatment (Increased)||1/32 ounces|
|1||Cold Pack||4×5 Inches|
|2||Eye Covering with means of attachment||2.9 sq. inches|
|1||Eye/Skin Wash||1 fl. ounce|
|1||First Aid Guide|
|6||Hand Sanitizer||1/32 ounces|
|2||Medical Exam Gloves||Pairs|
|1||Roller Bandage||2 Inches x 4 yards|
|2||Sterile Pad||3×3 inches|
|2||Trauma Pad||5×9 inches|
|1||Triangular Bandage||40x40x56 inches|
This is a minimum list so larger sizes that meet or exceed performance requirements set by this standard are also considered equivalent. All items should be single-use and individually wrapped except for the antiseptic, burn treatment and hand sanitizer which can be in spray form as long as the minimum number of applications are available.
Note: The eye wash in the First Aid Kit is not a substitute for an eye wash station in areas where corrosive materials are present.
Class B kits include an increased number of supplies along with the addition of another roller bandage, tourniquet and splint. Supplemental First Aid Kit supplies such as low dose aspirin, hemostatic agents, electrolyte replacements, glucose replacements, analgesics, anti-inflammatories, hydrocortisone, or antihistamines may be added at the consultation of first aid trained personnel or based on changing work environments. As always, consider local and state regulations when supplementing your First Aid Kit.
Finally, the First Aid Kit should be visibly marked and all markings should be legible and permanent. A kit is only compliant when maintained with the minimum requirements so the kit must be inspected frequently and expired product should be discarded.
To learn more about the changes in this regulation, email firstname.lastname@example.org or contact your KPA Risk Management Consultant.